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An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Atal Nagar (N | 64403
International Research Journals

An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Atal Nagar (New Raipur) of Chhattisgarh, India

Abstract

Abhishek Kumar Pandey*

An ethnobotanical study was performed from Oct 2017 to Dec 2018 to investigate the diversity of medicinal plants growing in New Raipur also known as Atal Nagar 30 km away from the city of Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. The ethnobotanical study was carried out by using semi-structured interview in which participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and Rapid rural appraisal methods used to obtain ethnobotanical knowledge of plants of their surrounding form local tribes. The quantitative data were also analyzed by the relative frequency of citation, use value and informant consensus factor. The present paper reports 103 medicinal plants belonging to 90 genera representing 40 families. These plants are used by local people to treat different ailments including diabetic, itching, purifying blood, toothache, asthma, fever, low pressure, ulcer and urinary discharge and many other diseases. The highest relative frequency of citation (RFC) was recorded for Ficus religiosa (0.92), Ziziphus marutiana (0.92) followed by Ocimum sanctum (0.90), Murraya koenigii (0.89), Withania somnifera (0.88) and Tinospora cordifolia (0.84). The highest use value recorded for Moringa oleifera (1.78) followed by Ocimum sanctum (1.75), Murraya koenigii (1.62), Punica granatum (1.56) and Mangifera indica (1.55) Highest Informant Consensus Factor (ICF) was recorded for the gastro-intestinal disorder ailment category. Present study provides useful information about vegetation and its therapeutic uses of different communities residing in different villages of Atal Nagar. This study is based on data obtained from survey, field trip and discussion with traditional medicinal practitioner.

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