Crop physiology is a branch of plant science that plays a crucial role in understanding the fundamental processes governing plant growth and development. In recent years, significant advancements have been made in this field, enabling scientists to optimize crop production and enhance agricultural sustainability. This review article highlights some of the key findings and trends in crop physiology research, focusing on topics such as photosynthesis, water use efficiency, nutrient uptake, and responses to environmental stresses. The objective is to provide an overview of the latest developments in crop physiology, which can aid in the formulation of innovative strategies to address global food security challenges.
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