The growth, proliferation, and transfer of harmful organisms are optimal in clinical settings. Hospital surfaces, including furniture, ECG lead wires and other cables, infusion pump push buttons, ventilation machine control knobs, textiles, and implantable biomaterials like central venous catheters, urologic catheters, and endotracheal tubes, are becoming more and more frequently contaminated with multi resistant microorganisms. The nurses' hands spread these bacteria throughout the hospital, posing a major and maybe fatal risk. Nosocomial infections affect 1.8 million patients in Europe every year, and they're responsible for about 180,000 fatalities. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 2 million Americans are thought to have an infection associated to hospitals each year (Tanwar et al., 2014).
Infectious materials and equipment that have been colonised by microorganisms frequently spread serious infectious problems of patients in hospital settings (nosocomial infections). Consumption of the antimicrobial agent and newly emerging multidrug-resistant microorganisms are just a couple of the problems that current methods of producing material surfaces with an antimicrobial activity face. Therefore, surfaces made of materials that permanently inhibit the growth of bacteria that are resistant to them are preferred. This article discusses transition metal acids, such as molybdic acid (H2MoO4), which is based on molybdenum trioxide, having incredibly effective antibacterial characteristics (MoO3). Six hours after being contaminated with infectious agents, surfaces of various materials (such as polymers and metals) treated with MoO3 particles or sol-gel generated coatings were virtually free of microorganisms. The creation of an acidic surface, which hinders cell growth and proliferation, is the basis for the antibacterial activity (Dramé et al., 2020). An inventive strategy to stop the spread of microbes in healthcare facilities and public settings is the application of transition metal acids as antibacterial surface agents.
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