Sreenivasa G, Kavitha P, Shivaprasad HS, Vineeth VS, Chaithra PT, Sharath Kumar C, Mohsen Najafi and Suttur. S. Malini
Infertility is a disorder of the reproductive system which affects both men and women with almost equal frequency. Male factors alone constitute around 50% of all cases of infertility. Human male fertility is normally assessed on the basis of a semen profile, with respect to spermatozoa. In this study, an attempt has been made to evaluate the semen profile of 132 infertile male subjects which include physical examination, microscopic studies, sperm function tests and assessment of the functional status of accessory reproductive organs according to the WHO protocol. The functional status of the seminal vesicle and prostate gland are studied by estimating the levels of fructose and citric acid respectively. Values are recorded and subjected to statistical analysis. In this study ten different infertile conditions are observed of which azoospermia is predominant and asthenoteratozoospermia is the least reported condition. All these infertile conditions show varied response to sperm function tests and biochemical analysis of semen. All these analyses are simple and cost effective that can help in the precise diagnosis and effective treatment at the earliest for affected individuals.
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