The liver is an important organ of interest to the physician, surgeon, pathologist, anatomist and the radiologist. The liver develops by proliferation of ce lls from the blind ends of a Y-shape diverticulum, which grows from the gut into the caudal part of the septum transversum (ventral mesogastrum) that transmits the vitellum vein. Variation in the orientation of the liver is seen in different individuals as a result of the body built. Segmental anatomy and vascula r distribution of the liver is well demonstrated in radiologic imaging. Ultrasound measurement appears to be the most reliable and reproducible method of assessing and estimating the liver size invivo.
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