Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Studies of Dodonaea visc | 99532
International Research Journals

International Research Journal of Plant Science

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Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Studies of Dodonaea viscosa (L).Jacq (Sapindaceae)


Bangajavalli S*

Background: Dodonaea viscosa, known as the broadleaf hop bush, is a species of flowering plant in the Dodonaea (hop bush) genus that has a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia. Dodonaea belongs to sapindaceae, the soapberry family.

Methods: The macroscopic and microscopical characters were studied to identify the plant. The present work deals with studies on anatomy, phytochemistry, pharmacochemical characterization such as ash values, extraction values and organoleptic studies of Dodonaea viscosa

Conclusion: The organoleptic study of the leaf and bark plant powder of Dodonaea viscosa revealed the different colour, taste, odour, texture, and insect infestation to the properties of plant powder. It revealed the plant powder of different colour index due to the presence of organoleptic compounds. The total moisture content of the leaf of Dodonaea viscosa was (64.7). The total ash content of the leaf was found (87). The extraction values of the solvent of leaf for ethanol are greater than the other solvents. The same powder was also treated with flurimetry assay. It reveals a different colour index due to the presence of fluorescence compounds. The leaf ash contains various minerals such as potassium, iron, calcium, sulphur and magnesium. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Dodonaea viscosa revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, phenols, glycosides, reducing sugar, flavonoids, anthroquinones, catechin, coumarin, terpenoids and xanthoprotein.

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