Mauro Fisberg, Paula Martins Horta, Luana Caroline dos Santos, MÃÆÃÂ¡rcia Rocha Amici, Marco AurÃÆÃÂ©lio Delmondes Bomfim
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of the daily intake of goat’s milk with modified protein or lipid profile on the health and nutritional status of preschoolers. A 4-month, interventional, randomized, controlled study was used. Four treatments (n=25) were used: daily intake of modifiedprotein goat’s milk (MPGM) or modified-fat goat’s milk (MFGM); regular goat’s milk (GM) or cow’s milk (CM). Intake of milk, intercurrent conditions, anthropometry and biochemical parameters (complete blood count and total cholesterol) were monitored. Treatment MPGM presented in a higher amount of crude protein (2.75%) than treatment GM (2.66%). Similarly, treatment MFGM demonstrated lipid composition better than treatment GM, with higher contents of unsaturated fatty acids, including Conjugated Linoleic Acid and Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. Children receiving treatments MFGM and GM presented significantly higher weight gain (6.44±3.54% and 6.46±5.08%, respectively) than the others. In addition, children receiving treatment MFGM showed an increase in hemoglobin from 11.71±1.03 g/dL to 12.29±0.43 g/dL (p=0.023). Children fed goat’s milk showed an increase in red blood cells. Treatment MFGM was the best alternative to replace regular goat’s milk, with an improvement in hematological parameters. The findings from the comparison goat’s milk versus cow’s milk were inconclusive, and further studies are necessary.
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