Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 2(3), pp. 935-942 March 2011         
Copyright © 2011 International Research Journals



The Development of a Model of Technical Expertise: Towards Innovative Teaching Methods in Technical Education

Frederick Kwaku Sarfo

Department of Educational Leadership, University of Education, Winneba, Kumasi Campus

P.O. Box 1277, Kumasi Ashanti, Ghana. E-mail:

Received 3 December, 2010; Accepted 06 March, 2011 


Technical education plays a significant role in providing middle level manpower needed for work in various industries for development and economic growth of every nation. There is the need for technical education to provide students with expertise to cope with the changing industrial demands in the present knowledge and technological economy. However, research has identified a significant gap between technical education and industries. For this reason the present teaching methods and the practices of technical education have been questioned. This article discusses and analyses the cognitive processes of novice and expert technicians in line with expertise development from the perspective of cognitive psychology. The intention is to describe and propose a model of technical expertise towards the identification of innovative teaching methods for the development of technical expertise in technical schools.


Keywords: Meta-cognitive skills, cognitive strategies, technical education, design education, complex technical skills.