Journal of Medicne and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2141-9477) Vol. 8(6), pp. 077-083 October 2017. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/jmms.2017.085. Copyright © 2017 International Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Prevalence and pattern of heart diseases in a new tertiary hospital in north central Nigeria: an echocardiographic study
*Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere and Ogiator Monday Ogiagah
1Department of Medicine, P.M.B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author’s Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received October 7, 2017; Accepted November 3, 2017
Heart diseases occur in all age groups but the prevalence and pattern differs according to age, geographical region and socioeconomic status. Echocardiography is a non-invasive, relatively cheap imaging technique for evaluation of heart disease with reliable levels of accuracy. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of heart disease in our setting using echocardiography. Retrospective analysis of echocardiographic reports of heart diseases was done for age, sex and echocardiographic diagnoses. The mean age of the population was 47.76±19.45 years. Males were 122 and females were 109. Seventy two subjects (32.1%) had hypertensive heart disease, 53(22.9%) had dilated cardiomyopathy, 36(15.6%) had rheumatic heart disease, 15(6.5%) had ischemic heart disease, 10(4.3%) had pericardial diseases, 9(3.9%) had congenital heart disease, 2(0.9%) had corpulmonale. Others included 6 isolated right ventricular dilatation, 1 isolated left atrial dilatation and 1 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in 3.5%. Forty echocardiograms17.3% were reported as normal. Hypertensive heart disease was the most prevalent heart disease in this study followed by those due to infections. The rising prevalence of ischemic heart disease shows that Nigeria is undergoing epidemiologic transition. Primary preventive measures, control of blood pressure and early treatment of infections is therefore recommended.
Keywords: Heart diseases, Echocardiography, Epidemiologic transition, Nigeria.