Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 2(3), pp. 926-930 March 2011         
Copyright © 2011 International Research Journals



Culture and Sex Imbalance in Higher Education in Nigeria: Implications for Development 

Chinyere A. Nwajiuba 

Department Of Education Foundations (Sociology of Education) Imo State University, Owerri Nigeria. Email: 

Received 22 November, 2010; Accepted 07 March, 2011 


 Sex imbalance is a common phenomenon in African education institution. Concern has been expressed on the natural gender role distinction all over the world, which has created gap in opportunities between men and women. This identified gap has constituted what is generally regarded as gender inequality among gender advocates. While a number of efforts have been under way to rectify gender imbalance, much still remain to be done across the educational sectors. Certain cultural beliefs and factors result to sex imbalance in educational sectors and even limit opportunities thereby hindering development. The consequences of allowing large number of girls or boys outside the formal schooling system at every level especially higher education and job opportunities bring development challenges to both current and future generations. The paper examines sex imbalance in Higher education in Nigeria and discusses the cultural beliefs and biases in Nigeria that promotes sex imbalance in the education sector.


Keywords: Sex imbalance, culture, gender, educational institution, higher education