Full Length Research Paper
Contribution of income generating activities to financing secondary school education in Kenya: a case study of Eldoret municipality
Hellen Ojwang Omukoba, Enose .M. W. Simatwa* , T.M.O. Ayodo
Department of Educational Management and Foundations Maseno University, Kenya
*Corresponding author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 25 January, 2011; Accepted 13 February, 2011
Public expenditure on education is a matter of great concern given that it is weighing very heavily on the exchequer. The need for institutions to generate their own income has been motivated by the 8-4-4 system of education which is heavily vocationalized. Government fees-guidelines which principals have to adhere to and the cost sharing system still leave a financial gap in the school. The government initiated Investment Program for the entire sector and Free Primary Education in 2003, Free Tuition Day Secondary Education in 2008. However, it is still evident that there are financial gaps that need additional funding. To find a way out of this fiscal distress, the government has advised the schools managers to mobilize available institutional resources such as land, physical facilities and equipment to generate income to provide the necessary learning resources to enable the schools to run efficiently. The study sought to identify the nature and types of income generating activities, their potential, contribution and challenges. It employed a descriptive survey design. The study population consisted of 14 principals, 3 District Quality Assurance and Standards Officers, 2 District Schools Auditors and one Deputy District Education Officer. Public secondary school Principals in Eldoret municipality, District Quality Assurance and Standards Officers, District school Auditors and Deputy District Education Officer were purposively sampled. A semi-structured questionnaire was used as a data collection tool for the school heads while an interview schedule was administered to the district education personnel. Study findings revealed that public secondary schools have the potential to generate additional income. Urban setting schools can capitalize on their location to engage in commercial as well as agricultural projects and renting school facilities. Money generated has been used in purchase of Teaching /learning material, Repair Maintenance and improvement, Infrastructure development and student/ staff motivation. The main management challenges of Income Generating Activities included lack of sufficient funding, land limitation, poor record management and lack of qualified personnel. In conclusion income generating activities can be a useful source of additional income and recommends that the government should formulate a national framework for policy planning and administration of Income Generating Activities, initiate capacity building programs for school managers to equip them with entrepreneurial skills and infuse entrepreneurship in order to manage Income Generating Activities effectively.
Keywords: Contribution, Income Generating Activities, Financing, Secondary, Education, Eldoret Municipality, Kenya.