Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences Vol. 4(2) pp. 50-55, February 2013         
Copyright © 2013 International Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of Osteoporosis KAP among women in Assir region, Saudi Arabia

Amani A Osman

Assistant Prof., Consultant Reproductive Health, Family and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, 61421 Abha, P.O. 641, Saudi Arabia

E-mail: amanieldosh@gmail.com

 

Received December 24, 2012; Accepted January 21, 2013

Abstract

 

Osteoporosis is a disease of bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced. Globally osteoporosis constitutes a public health problem. Researchers have been curious about the true estimate of osteoporosis prevalence in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The current study was designed to assess the extent of knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) about the disease, among Saudi women. Therefore, we can decrease the prevalence of the disease. The study was a cross-sectional in design. A valid and reliable questionnaire (OAKT questionnaire)  used to asses (KAP) of osteoporosis among women attending health centers in Abha city in Assir region, Saudi Arabia, during the period of January 2012 to June 2012  Collection of data done by personal interview, after explain to all participant  the aim of the study, and take their consent. Evaluation done by giving each correct answer 1 and for wrong and don’t know score of 0, the average baslin osteoporosis cap was core of 8.8 out of 20.  Mean ages of the women were 35.7 years. Illiteracy was 42% and single women around one third of the participant Knowledge score was 3.3 which is very poor.  Knowledge and attitude and practice among Saudi women were very poor and a lot of health education need to be taken.

Keywords:  Osteoporosis, assessment, knowledge, attitude, practice, Saudi Arabia.