Journal of Medicne and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2141-9477) Vol. 4(8), pp. 311-318, August 2013. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/jmms.2013.095. Copyright © 2013 International Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of knowledge and attitude towards Lassa fever among Primary care providers in an endemic suburban community of Edo state: implications for control

*Tobin  EA1,  Asogun   DA1,  Isah  EC2,  Ugege  OG 1, Ebhodaghe P1

1Institute of Lassa Fever Research and Control, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State.

2Department of Community Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State.

*Corresponding author e-mail: ekatobin@yahoo.com; Tel: +234(8)37544369

Abstract

 

The study  set  to  assess the knowledge  and  attitude  to Lassa  fever  among  primary  care  providers. Structured questionnaires were administered to consenting primary care workers in  Private  and  Primary  health  centres  in Ekpoma.  Data analysis was  carried out  using  SPSS  version 15. One hundred and thirty five (135) health workers participated in the study. One hundred and  thirty one (97.0%) respondents had  previously  heard of Lassa fever. Overall knowledge of Lassa fever was  poor for  51 (38.9%), and fair  for  54 (41.2%)  and good for  260 (19.8%). Hand gloves were stated as the most  useful  personal protective gear when dealing with a patient with  Lassa fever. Fifty   six  (42.7 %)  felt their level of knowledge was sufficient for them to safely and effectively handle a  patient, 126  (96.4%) expressed their  desire  to  know  more  about  Lassa fever. The primary  care  health  worker  in  a  rural  area  is  the one  most  likely  to  be  the  first  point  of  call  for  persons  seeking   orthodox  medicine. It is therefore essential that he is adequately informed about the disease, it’s presentation and prevention.

Keywords:  Attitude, Endemic, Knowledge, Lassa fever, Primary care.