Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Journal of Medicne and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2141-9477) Vol. 8(4), pp. 042-047 June 2017. DOI: http:/ Copyright © 2017 International Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Waist-hip ratio, body mass index, physical activity and the risk of diabetes mellitus in Gombe State, Northeast Nigeria

Sule J Bathna1, Jacob A Dunga2, Nura H Alkali2, Datonya Alasiya3, Jafiada J Musa2, Yerima Suleiman4, Ojobi Joseph5

1Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe, Nigeria

2Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Teaching Hospital Bauchi, Nigeria

3Federal Medical Center Makurdi, Benue Nigeria

4University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

5Federal Medical Center Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria

*Corresponding author’s E-mail:

Received May 16, 2017; Accepted June 15, 2017



Background: Obesity as measured by waist-hip ratio and body mass index, both increase the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM). Few studies have examined this relationship among Nigerians. Materials and Methods: In this community-based study conducted in Gombe Town of Gombe State, Northeast Nigeria, we looked at hip-waist ratio, body mass index, family history of DM, and levels of physical activity in relation to the risk of DM amongst apparently healthy adults. We employed a two-stage cluster sampling scheme based on existing administrative divisions through random sampling.  Results: The crude prevalence rate of DM was 3.9% (5.7% in males, 2.8% in females; p value = 0.005), which was higher than rates previously reported in population surveys from Nigeria. Body mass index, hip-waist ratio, low physical activity and a positive family history of DM all conferred significant risks of DM in our study subjects. Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is higher in some parts of Nigeria than reported previously. Obesity as measured by hip-waist ratio and BMI are significant contributors to the risk of DM among Nigerians.


Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Hip-Waist Ratio, Obesity, Nigeria




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