International Research Journal of Plant Science

International Research Journal of Plant Science (ISSN: 2141-5447) Vol. 7(1) pp. 009-012, January, 2017. DOI: http:/ Copyright © 2017 International Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical screening and proximate composition of Phyllanthus amarus

1Egbon E. E, 2Olayioye, E.Y, 3Olayioye S.A, 4Adesuyi, A. T, 5Owolabi T.

1Department of Chemistry, Ambrose Alli University, P.M.B 14, Ekpoma, Edo State

2/5Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories, P.O.BOX 150, Ewu-Esan, Edo State

3Department of Science Laboratory Technology, the Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa, P.M.B 01, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State

4Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic Owo, P.M.B 1019, Owo, Ondo State

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Received March 5, 2016;  Accepted April 09, 2016



The nutritional and anti-nutritional benefits of plants provide a better support for human well being. Phytochemical and proximate composition of Phyllanthus amarus was investigated in this studies. Both metholic and aqueous extract of Phyllanthus amarus revealed the presence of alkaloid, tannins, saponin, flavonoid, reducing sugar, terpenoid, cardiac-Glycoside is however absent in the aqueous extract. The percentage proximate composition; moisture (37.40), crude fat (5.6), crude protein (1.54), ash (9.0), crude fiber (14.99), and carbohydrate (31.47).


Key-words: Phyllanthus amarus, traditional uses, Phytochemical constituents, proximate compostion.


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