Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 4(9), pp. 654-658, September 2013. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/er.2013.214. Copyright © 2013 International Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Sustained reduction in needlestick and sharp injuries among nursing students: An initiative educational program

Siham M. Al- Momani,*1  Maha Hdaib,2  Yahya W. Najjar3

*1Assistant Professor, Department of Allied Medical Sciences

Al Balqa' Applied University

2Lecturer, Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Al Balqa' Applied University

3Lecturer, Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Al Balqa' Applied University

*Corresponding Authors E-mail: simomany @yahoo.com

Abstract

 

Needlestick and sharp injuries are frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing students as other health care workers who come into contact with patient blood and body fluids. Researchers identified education as an important aspect in reducing the needlestick and sharp objects injuries among health care workers, and indicated the need for comprehensive educational program which clearly links theory with practice rather than programs which emphasized only on the knowledge part of infection control. This study determined the impact of a comprehensive infection control initiative educational program on the reduction and sustainability of lower rate of needlestick and sharp injuries among the nursing students participated in the program. The comprehensive infection control initiative educational program was provided to associate nursing students. The program aimed to increase the nursing students’ awareness of the rate and risk of needlestick and sharp injuries, through establishing common improvement goals, training on hand and environment care, wear protective measures, appropriate handling and dispose of needles and sharp objects. Active teaching learning strategies such as audiovisual aid presentation, focus group discussion and reflection were utilized. Incidents reports of needlestick and sharp injuries among the nursing students over one semester before implementing the program established the baseline data for the present study, indicated that the needlestick and sharp injuries among the nursing students had been significantly declined as a result of their participation in the program which sustained for two followed semesters. The comprehensive infection control initiative educational program stimulates the participants to take an active part in defining their own problems, establishing their goals, developing their solutions. It progressively reduced and sustained reduction in needlestick and sharp injuries among the participants.

Keywords: Active teaching-learning strategies, associate nursing students, infection control initiative educational program, infection control practices.

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