Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 2(9), pp. 1488-1497 September 2011         
Copyright © 2011 International Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

An exploratory study of social adjustment among Youth in residential homes

Roland Yeow, Roger KO, Sharmaine LOH*

*Research Department, Boys’ Town Singapore at Town 622 Upper Bukit Timah Road Singapore 678117.

*Corresponding author email:; (Phone) +65 67627846

Received 24 June, 2011; Accepted 03 August, 2011


The purpose of this study was to examine differences of social adjustment factors between youths living in residential care setting and the non residential care youths. Out of 468 youths who participated in this study, 127 were living in residential homes (Mean age = 15.46 years, SD= 1.54) and 341 youths were not (Mean age= 13.76, SD=0.63). They were surveyed on social adjustment factors of family support, peer support, teacher support sense of belonging and student’s motivation to learn. Focus group discussions were also held. A two way between multivariate analysis of variance was performed to investigate age and group differences in social adjustment factors. Results showed that residential care youths had a more negative perception of teachers compared to non residential care youths; residential care youths had a more positive perception of family bonding compared to non residential care youths. For residential care youths, there was also an increase in self-initiated learning behaviors as age increased. Results indicated that residential care youths were not as maladjusted as initially thought and lent support to the strengths based approach to working with youths.


Keywords: Social adjustment, youth at risks, residential care, Singaporean.

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