Educational Research


Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 1(8), pp. 263-275 September 2010         
Copyright © 2010 International Research Journals


Full Length Research paper

Perceptions of self-concept and actual academic performance in Math and English among High School Students in Kenya

Winnie Mucheraha, Felicia Dixona, Kyle Hartleyb, Travis Hardina

aDepartment of Educational Psychology, Ball State University, 519 Teachers College, Muncie, IN 47306

bIndiana University, Bloomington

*Corresponding author Email: ; Tel. (765) 285-8514; Fax: (765) 285-3653

Received 09 August, 2010; Accepted 07 September, 2010


This study examined the relationship between self-concept and students’ academic performance in math and English for high school students in Kenya. Participants included 1990 students from two same sex boarding schools-one for boys and the other for girls. Results showed there were sex and grade differences in academic performance and most aspects of self-concept. Specifically, girls did better in math. Performance in English was not significantly different. Grade level differences showed a downward trend relative to norms in both math and English performance with the lower grade levels performing better. This trend possibly related to the changing standards by the teachers. On the self-concept measures, boys rated themselves significantly higher than girls except for physical appearance. As the students progressed through each grade level, their perceptions of self increased. Study implications are discussed.

Keywords: Self-concept, academic performance, Math, English, high school, Kenya

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