Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 3(11), pp. 827-835, November, 2012         
Copyright © 2012 International Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper 

The framework and typology of followers

1Prof. Dr. Patrick Kim Cheng Low* and 2Sik-Liong Ang

1Ph.D. and Chartered Marketer, Certified MBTI Administrator and Certified Behavioral Consultant/ Universiti Brunei Darussalam; Professor of Management and Marketing/Associate, University of South Australia

2Faculty of Business, Economics and Policy Studies, University Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE 1410, Bruneil

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Received 22 October, 2012; Accepted 12 November, 2012


There are many reasons why people want to follow a leader. The authors believe that it is important for an individual to follow the leader whom one likes, respects and admires. In this respect, it is also important for an individual to understand the types of follower one wants to be. This is because one may have the choice to select the organization one is comfortable with if one wants to work in the organization. In this article, the researchers/ academician examine the types of followers; and a framework and typology of followers with animal analogies or metaphors are then drawn. The results indicate that a pattern can be extrapolated to portray the various kinds of followers in existence, and the implications of findings on the impact to the organisation are also discussed in this article.


Keywords: Follower-ship, leadership, Confucian Kirin, eagle, dove, hyena, lion, owl, tortoise,sheep, camel.


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