Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 4(3), pp. 264-272, March, 2013         
Copyright © 2013 International Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Perceptions of higher education students regarding the equality of opportunity and possibility in education in terms of sociological variables

1Asst. Prof. Müjdat Avcı* and 2Asst. Prof. Mehmet Özbaş

*1Erzincan University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology, Erzincan/Turkey

2Erzincan University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences, Department of Educational Administration, Supervision, Planning and Economics, Erzincan/Turkey

*Corresponding Author 1E-mail: mujdatavci@yahoo.com2E-mail: ozbas68@gmail.com  

Received January 15, 2013; Accepted March 26, 2013

Abstract

One of the most important priorities of a democratic educational system is the obligation of actualizing implementations that will provide equality of opportunity and possibility in education. The purpose of this study is to determine perceptions of higher education students regarding the equality of opportunity and possibility in education according to the sociological variables. In the study, there has been used “The Scale of Opportunity and Possibility Equality in Higher Education” developed by the researchers based upon the literature and implementation process. Evaluations of sociology and educational administration academicians have been asked for determining content validity of the scale. Pre-implementation with 124 students has been performed to determine content validity and reliability level of the scale. The scale has been determined as multifactor, reliable and valid as result of the pre-implementation data analysis. The research has been carried out with the participation of 472 students studying at Erzincan University in 2012-2013 Academic Year Fall Term. According to the research findings, there has been noticed that the variables that mostly affect factors regarding socio-economic and cultural characteristics and secondary education services have been the area where the family lives in and income state. Research results have revealed that inadequate educational level of parents have negatively affected students to benefit from educational opportunities in both secondary and higher education.

 

Keywords: Higher education, higher education, equality of opportunity and possibility, socio-economic and cultural characteristics.

 

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