Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 3(3), pp. 212-219, March 2012         
Copyright © 2012 International Research Journals



Islamic leadership lessons from the 9th century based on Ibn Khaldun’s MUQADDIMAH

*Sik-Liong Ang1, Patrick Kim Cheng Low2, Saad Abd Sattar Al-Harran3

1Ph. D Executive Candidate/Research Assistant, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

2Universiti Brunei Darussalam; Associate Training Consultant, Institute of Leadership, Innovation and Advancement: ILIA, Brunei Darussalam;  Associate, University of South Australia

3Senior Lecturer, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Received 31 January, 2012 


Ibn Khaldun, who lived from 1332-1395 C.E., is a well-known Muslim scholar who enjoys universal fame in modern times as an original thinker. He is held to be the precursor or founder of a number of the human sciences, including the philosophy of history, sociology, psychology, politics, geography, anthropology, and economics. His work, MUQADDIMAH which contains his original ideas and thoughts, is considered a masterpiece on the philosophy of history and sociology. Here, using Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah Case study 4 on General Tahir’s letter to his son (d.844 C.E), the authors indicate, draw parallels as well as highlight and examine the core values of Islamic leadership lessons drawn from the 9th century and compare them with the current economic and financial system.

Keywords: Islamic leadership, core values, faith, integrity, self-discipline, loving-kindness, self-restraint.

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