Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 3(1), pp. 066-071 January 2012         
Copyright © 2012 International Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Oral health: knowledge, attitude and behaviour among Indian population

Karanprakash Singha, Sumit Kochharb, Vishnu MittalcAnil  AgrawaldHarshvardhan Chaudharye, Chitra Anandanif

aGenesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur,  India

bGuru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research Institute, Sunam, Punjab, India

cGenesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur,  India

dNew Horizon Dental College and Research Institute, Sakri, Bilaspur, Chattishgarh

ePacific Dental College and Hospital, Debari, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

fPacific Dental College and Hospital, Debari, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: drkarankahlon@gmail.com

Received 02 December, 2011; Accepted 12 January, 2012 

Abstract

To  assess  the  level  of  oral  health  knowledge,  attitudes,  and  behaviour  among  Indian  population  in  relation  to  location  and  demographic  characteristics. This  is  a  cross-sectional  study  including  urban  and  rural  subgroups  of  population  by  random  sampling  method.  The  study  population  consisting  of  1760  subjects,  of  which  929  (52.8%)  belong  to  rural  area  and  831  (47.2%)  to  urban  area.  A  self  administered  structured  questionnaire  including  23  dichotomous  questions  pre-tested  through  a  pilot  survey  was  used  in  the  study.  The data were analyzed using the  SPSS  version  15.0.  The  Student’s  T-test  and  ANOVA  test  were  used  as  test  of  significance.  Karl  Pearson’s  correlation  test  was  used  to  assess  the  relation  of  oral  health  knowledge,  attitude  and  behaviour. The  mean  score  for  oral  health  knowledge,  attitude  and  behaviour  were  significantly  higher  in  urban  population  as  compared  to  rural  population  (p<0.05).  A  linear  relationship  was  found  between  knowledge  and  attitude,  knowledge  and  behaviour,  and  behaviour  and  attitude  using  Karl  Pearson’s  correlation  coefficient. Within  the  confines  of  this  study  it  can  be  concluded  that  oral  health  awareness  needs  to  be  increased  with  especial  focus  on  rural  population.  Health  authorities  should  strengthen  the  implementation  of  oral  disease  prevention  and  health  promotion  programmes  rather  than  traditional  curative  care.

 

Keywords:  Oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior.

 

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