Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 2(12), pp. 1773-1783, December 2011         
Copyright © 2011 International Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

The role of education, knowledge and human resources for the agricultural development in the perspective of new CAP: an hypothesis of change in Basilicata

Contò Francesco1, Fiore Mariantonietta2*, La Sala Piermichele3, Papapietro Paolo4

1University of Foggia, DSEMS, Largo Papa Giovanni Paolo II, 71100, Foggia, Italy.

2University of Foggia, DSEMS, Largo Papa Giovanni Paolo II, 71100, Foggia, Italy.

3University of Basilicata, DITEC, Via dell’Ateneo Lucano n.10, 85100, Potenza, Italy.

4University of Bari, Diritto Privato, Piazza Umberto I° n.1, 70121 Bari, Italy.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: m.fiore@unifg.it 

Received 26 October, 2011; Accepted 04 November, 2011

Abstract

Within the reform of both ‘CAP’ and ‘Europe 2020’ programs, and in line with the Lisbon Strategy, the role of education, knowledge and human resources in the agribusiness becomes of primary importance for the development of agricultural sector and, more generally, of the territory. These changes require policy-makers to identify possible strategies in order to face the ongoing agricultural crisis which can be considered both structural and economic. The main objective of the present paper is to verify the role of investment in human resources and, consequently, in services for the agricultural development for the dynamics of rural development, trade and international cooperation of agribusiness. After a literature review about the investment in education and knowledge within the policies for agricultural development, the paper firstly analyses the characteristics of the Italian Region of Basilicata, selected for our empirical application, and secondly develops an econometric model to explain the relationship between the rural GDP and a set of economic variables and of network-education-social (NES) dummy variable. These NES is representative of social, educational and, network factors, describing the degree of openness of the region firm (such as schooling of entrepreneurs, training, association to districts, cluster or network, collaboration with experts and specialists in the field, professional associations, etc.). As expected, the results show that farmers may act as engines for economic development when they are trained on the basis of the needs and requirements related to innovation and research, and they are assisted through new models of organization of agricultural services. Our findings can be useful for designing possible strategies of development to support the local governance in identifying a new type of farmer and agricultural model.

 

Keywords: Development services, human resource, knowledge, education  rural development.

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