Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 2(12), pp. 1810-1820, December 2011         
Copyright © 2011 International Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction among female principals in public secondary schools in Kenya: a case study of Rachuonyo North and South District 

Jane K. A. Juma, Enose M.W. Simatwa* and T.M.O. Ayodo

Department of Educational Management and Foundations, Maseno University

Faculty of Education, Arts and Theology, Kabarak University

 *Corresponding Author E-mail:

Received 26 November, 2011; Accepted 07 December, 2011


Job satisfaction is an important element of effective leadership. It has been noted that effective leadership in secondary schools in Rachuonyo North and South Districts is elusive despite the fact that principals have the required qualifications and competence. Indicators of job satisfaction include high productivity, high self- esteem and commitment to work while indicators of job dissatisfaction include ‘Laizzez-Faire’ leadership styles, low productivity, lack of commitment, low self esteem, absenteeism and reluctance to take up leadership positions. In Rachuonyo North and South Districts, there were 20 female principals compared to 89 male principals.  For about one decade, it had been noted that female principals raised more complaints than male principals as they undertook duties that bordered on job satisfaction. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess job satisfaction among female principals in Rachuonyo North and South Districts. A conceptual framework was used in the study to focus on the following variables; - factors influencing job satisfaction, factors influencing job dissatisfaction and strategies of improving job satisfaction among female principals. The study adopted a descriptive survey and correlation designs. The study population consisted of 20 Female Principals, 20 Deputy Principals, 200 Heads of Departments, 20 Board of Governors chairpersons, 20 Parents Teachers Association chairpersons and 2 District Quality Assurance Officers. Questionnaires, interviews schedule; observation and document analysis guides; were used to collect data. The study established that most female principals (66.67%) were dissatisfied with principalship. The study revealed that good relationship with the teachers and autonomy to attend seminars and workshops were factors that influenced job satisfaction among female principals. Other factors influencing job satisfaction included remuneration, improvement and security among others. The study concluded that the level of job satisfaction among female principals was low, but could be improved upon by addressing factors that lead to job dissatisfaction like poor remunerations. The findings of this study are important to the Ministry of Education and other stakeholders dealing with cases of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction among female principals to the benefit of schools under their administration. It also forms baseline information for future research in related areas.


Keywords: Assessment, job satisfaction, dissatisfaction, female principals, public secondary schools, Rachuonyo North and South Districts, Kenya.

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