Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 6(3), pp. 74-84, April 2015. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/er.2015.017. Copyright © 2015 International Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Potential barriers to becoming a school principal: Perspectives of German and U.S. principals
*1Dawson R. Hancock, 2Ulrich Müller, 3Chuang Wang
1University of North Carolina at Charlotte 9201 University City Boulevard Charlotte, North Carolina 28223, U.S.A.
2Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg University of Education Reuteallee 46, 71602 Ludwigsburg, Germany
3University of North Carolina at Charlotte 9201 University City Boulevard Charlotte, North Carolina 28223, U.S.A.
*Corresponding author’s email: email@example.com
Received February 3, 2015; Accepted April 23, 2015
The contributions of school principals to the success of schools are well-recognized in both Germany and the U.S.A. However, attracting qualified candidates to become school principals is a challenging endeavor in both countries. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers that may be lessening the motivation of teachers to becoming school principals. Using exploratory factor analysis, survey responses of 159 German principals and 134 U.S.A. principals were analyzed. Using Vroom’s Expectancy Theory of Motivation, the findings suggested that addressing teachers’ concerns about increased job demands/time, relocations, needing specialized knowledge, handling circumstances beyond their control, and leaving satisfying work circumstances would increase the teachers’ instrumentality and would therefore positively impact their motivation to become principals. Conclusions and implications of these findings were examined.
Keywords: Educational leadership, school principal recruitment, comparative education.
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