|Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 3(4), pp. 351-356, April 2012
Copyright © 2012 International Research Journals
The evolution of science and technology policy dialogue in post-colonial Africa
Kazhila C. Chinsembu1* and Choshi D. Kasanda2
1University of Namibia, Faculty of Science, Department of Biological Sciences, P/Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
2University of Namibia, Faculty of Education, Department of Science, Mathematics, and Sports Education, P/Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: +264-61-2063426; Fax: +264-61-2063791
Received 07 March, 2012; Accepted 09 April, 2012
This paper describes the dialogue around Science and Technology (S and T) policy in post-colonial African countries with a special emphasis on Southern Africa. It traces the evolution of S and T policy dialogue from several global and African conferences held in the 1960s. In post-colonial Africa, S and T policy dialogue was founded on the Monrovia declaration of 1979 and the Lagos Plan of Action of 1980. In the new millennium, African S and T policy dialogue has been driven by the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). In Southern Africa, the S and T policy environment is guided by several treaties of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Although African S and T policies are well discussed and articulated, implementation of the S and T agenda has been poor, hence the authors recommend that NEPAD institutes an S and T peer-review mechanism to monitor performance of S and T indicators in member states.
Keywords: Science and technology policy, dialogue, Africa.